SEA STAR CHALLENGE: HINTS AND ANSWERS
The following are examples of word pyramids which start ‘i’, ‘o’ and ‘a’. There are other words which can be used to make the word pyramids. You can check if your words are real words by checking the examples below or by looking them up in the dictionary.
Pyramid words with ‘I’ in format of one, two, three , four (and five) letter words
I, IN, NIT, NITS or TINS
I, IS, SIN, SINS, or TINS, STINT
I, IF, FIN, FINS or FIND, FINDS
I, IT, BIT or SIT or WIT or LIT or PIT or HIT or KIT or FIT or TIP. All of the former (except LIT) with S added. Alternatives- SLIT, KILT, LIFT, WILT with S added for five letter word.
I, HI, HIT, HITS
Pyramid words with ‘O’ in format of one, two, three , four (and five) letter words
O, ON, ONE, ONES or EONS or NOSE
O, NO, NOT, NOTE, NOTES
O, GO, GOT, TOGS or TOGA or GOAT, TOGAS or GOATS
O, GO, AGO, TOGA or GOAT, TOGAS or GOATS
O, OF, FOR, FORE or FORT or FROM or FORM or FORK or FORD, all of the former (except FROM) with S added to make five letter words.
O, TO, TON or NOT, NOTE, TONE, NOTES or TONES
O, TO, TOP or POT, TOPS or STOP or SPOT or POTS
O, OX, BOX
O, OR, ROT or ROW or NOR or ROD or ROE, ROTS, RODS
O, OR, FOR, FORE or FORT or FROM or FORM or FORK or FORD, all of the former (except FROM) with S added to make five letter words.
Pyramid words with ‘A’ in format of one, two, three , four (and five) letter words
A, AN, BAN, BAND, BANDS
A, AN, AND, HAND or SAND or LAND, all of the former with S added to make five letter words.
A, AT, TAR or ART or RAT, TART or RATS, TARTS
A, AT, FAT, FATS or FAST, FEAST, FEASTS
A, AT, FAT, FLAT, FLATS
A, AT, CAT, CATS
A, AT, HAT, HATE or HEAT, HATES or HEATS
A, AS, SAT, SEAT, SEATS
A, AS, HAS, SHAM or HAMS or MASH or RASH or CASH or BASH or LASH or DASH, CRASH, FLASH, BRASH, TRASH, CLASH
Make new words by putting two words together like Sun + shine to make Sunshine. The words you need are on the bricks on the activity sheet.
The words on the bricks are: Sand, boat, jacket, sun, body, cream, wet, shine, ice, life, board, castle, surf, suit, coast, set, guard
The possible compound words include:
Sunset, ice-cream, sandcastle, sun-cream, wetsuit, lifeguard, bodyboard, lifeboat, lifejacket, sunshine, coastguard, surfboard.
Artemis Fowl II:
Find four famous landmarks around Ireland based on the clues on the activity sheet. Below are four sets of clues which match with one landmark in each of the four provinces.
Try using these clues along with the short descriptions on the activity sheets, to identify which landmark matches the description on the activity sheet.
CHECK YOUR ANSWERS IN THE SECOND BOX BELOW!
Newgrange is one of the most famous passage graves in Ireland. There are nearly 300 passage graves in Ireland. These are ancient tombs. There are two other examples of passage graves close by in the Boyne Valley, Dowth and Knowth. Passage graves were built on hills. They have a tunnel leading to the centre where there is a tomb like area. At certain times of the year on a clear day the sun will shine through the passage to light up the centre of the tomb.
B: St. Patrick’s Cathedral:
Up to the middle ages churches and cathedrals had rounded window, arches and doorways. This was called a Romanesque style. Under Norman rule churches and cathedrals were designed in a Gothic style. The windows, arches and doorways became pointed. A famous Gothic style cathedral in Dublin is St. Patrick’s Cathedral. Strongbow is buried here.
C: Kilkenny Castle:
Kilkenny is a 12th century Norman castle. Strongbow built a wooden castle where the stone castle is today. Originally the stone built castle had four towers. Only three survive today. An Anglo-Norman family called the Butlers owned the castle for hundreds of years. In 1650 it was badly damaged by Oliver Cromwell’s men. The Butlers sold the castle which needed a lot of repairs to the government in 1967 for £50.
A: Dun Aengus
Dún Aengus is an ancient round stone fort on the Aran Island of Inis Mór in the West of Ireland. It is a type of stonewall in a half-circle on the edge of a 61m high sea cliff. It could be up to 4000 years old. No one is clear why it is there. It could a defensive building or for pagan rituals.
B: Ceide fields
The Céide Fields, are near Ballycastle in North Mayo. The fields are an important world famous archaeological site. Archaeological evidence shows that farming had beenpractised in the area more than five thousand years ago. These early Stone Age farmers divided land up with stone walls, ploughed their fields, kept animals and grew crops.
C: The Spanish Arch
The Spanish Arch is in Galway city, It was part of the city wall from Martin’s Tower to the bank of the Corrib. This was built in 1584 by the Mayor of Galway, Wylliam Martin to protect ships along the city’s quays from robberies. In 1755, the arch was partly destroyed by the tsunami wave which was caused by the Lisbon earthquake. The name “Spanish Arch” comes from the Spanish ships which docked along the quays.
A: The Giant’s causeway
The Giant’s Causeway is an area of about 40,000 hexagonal prisms. They are made of a rock called basalt. They were created by an ancient volcano. It is located in County Antrim on the northeast coast of Northern Ireland. The tallest prisms are about 12 m high. The Giant’s Causeway is so-called because of how a giant crossed over to Scotland in the famous legend called Fionn and the Giant.
B: Mourne Mountains
The Mourne Mountains are a granite mountain range in the southeast of Ulster. They are the highest mountains in the province of Ulster. The highest of the mountains is Slieve Donard at 850 m. The Mournes are known for their beauty. In 1896 Percy French wrote the famous song “The Mountains of Mourne”. The Mourne Mountains also inspired C.S. Lewis to write The Lion, The Witch and The Wardrobe.
C: Sliabh League Cliffs
From Sliabh League Cliffs in Donegal you can see across Donegal Bay to counties Leitrim, Sligo and Mayo, At 598 m high they are one of the highest sea cliffs in Europe. They are twice as high as the cliffs of Moher, At the bottom of the cliffs are the Giants Desk and Chair. At the top of Sliabh League is Ade Mc Bric’s chapel. This is the ruins of an early monastic site.
A: King John’s Castle
King John’s Castle was built in Limerick in 1197. King John allowed the people of the city the same rights as the people of Dublin city. They were allowed to elect a mayor. The castle had high walls to stop enemy attacks. Round towers were built along the walls to help protect the castle and the people of the city.
B: Cliffs of Moher
The cliffs are on the coast of Co. Clare. They are 8km long and are 214m high. . At the highest point, they stand at 214m. Landmarks such as the Aran Islands, The Twelve Pins Mountains, Maum Turk Mountains and Loop Head, can be seen from the Cliffs of Moher. Birds such as puffins and hawks as well as other seabirds have nests there.
C: Skellig Islands
The Skellig Islands are12km southwest of Valentia. Skellig Michael, or Great Skellig, is larger than Small Skellig, Skellig Michael is a world famous island because of the birds which nest there. Monks lived there between the 6th and 12th centuries. The island is also famous because it appeared in the latest Star Wars film.
Correct Answers to four landmarks on activity sheet:
Leinster Landmark: A: Newgrange
Connacht Landmark: C: The Spanish Arch
Ulster Landmark: A: The Giant’s causeway
Munster Landmark: B: Cliffs of Moher
The true five facts are:
-Tug of war was Olympic sport until 1920.
-The gold medals are not made of gold.
-Katie Taylor has won one gold medal for boxing.
-The longest hammer throw is 84.8 metres.
-The Olympics began over 2,700 years ago in Olympia in Greece
The capital city for each one of the EURO 2016 Qualifying Countries is listed below.
Albania Capital City: Tirana
Croatia Capital City: Zagreb
France Capital City: Paris
Poland Capital City: Warsaw
Germany Capital City: Berlin
Austria Capital City: Vienna
Russia Capital City: Moscow
Slovakia Capital City: Bratislava
Czech Republic Capital City: Prague
Romania Capital City: Bucharest
Switzerland Capital City: Bern
Iceland Capital City: Reykjavik
Belgium Capital City: Brussels
Turkey Capital City: Ankara
Italy Capital City: Rome
Sweden Capital City: Stockholm
Republic of Ireland Capital City: Dublin
Spain Capital City: Madrid