SEA STAR CHALLENGE ACTIVITY SHEET

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Summer Stars:

SEA STAR CHALLENGE: HINTS AND ANSWERS

logoWORD PYRAMIDS

The following are examples of word pyramids which start ‘i’, ‘o’ and ‘a’. There are other words which can be used to make the word pyramids. You can check if your words are real words by checking the examples below or by looking them up in the dictionary.

Pyramid words with ‘I’ in format of one, two, three , four (and five) letter words

I, IN, NIT, NITS or TINS

I, IS, SIN, SINS, or TINS, STINT

I, IF, FIN, FINS or FIND, FINDS

I, IT, BIT or SIT or WIT or LIT or PIT or HIT or KIT or FIT or TIP. All of the former (except LIT) with S added. Alternatives- SLIT, KILT, LIFT, WILT with S added for five letter word.

I, HI, HIT, HITS

Pyramid words with ‘O’ in format of one, two, three , four (and five) letter words

O, ON, ONE, ONES or EONS or NOSE

O, NO, NOT, NOTE, NOTES

O, GO, GOT, TOGS or TOGA or GOAT, TOGAS or GOATS

O, GO, AGO, TOGA or GOAT, TOGAS or GOATS

O, OF, FOR, FORE or FORT or FROM or FORM or FORK or FORD, all of the former (except FROM) with S added to make five letter words.

O, TO, TON or NOT, NOTE, TONE, NOTES or TONES

O, TO, TOP or POT, TOPS or STOP or SPOT or POTS

O, OX, BOX

O, OR, ROT or ROW or NOR or ROD or ROE, ROTS, RODS

O, OR, FOR, FORE or FORT or FROM or FORM or FORK or FORD, all of the former (except FROM) with S added to make five letter words.

Pyramid words with ‘A’ in format of one, two, three , four (and five) letter words

A, AN, BAN, BAND, BANDS

A, AN, AND, HAND or SAND or LAND, all of the former with S added to make five letter words.

A, AT, TAR or ART or RAT, TART or RATS, TARTS

A, AT, FAT, FATS or FAST, FEAST, FEASTS

A, AT, FAT, FLAT, FLATS

A, AT, CAT, CATS

A, AT, HAT, HATE or HEAT, HATES or HEATS

A, AS, SAT, SEAT, SEATS

A, AS, HAS, SHAM or HAMS or MASH or RASH or CASH or BASH or LASH or DASH, CRASH, FLASH, BRASH, TRASH, CLASH

 

logoHELP BUILD THE LIGHTHOUSE!

Make new words by putting two words together like Sun + shine to make Sunshine. The words you need are on the bricks on the activity sheet.

The words on the bricks are: Sand, boat, jacket, sun, body, cream, wet, shine, ice, life, board, castle, surf, suit, coast, set, guard

The possible compound words include:

Sunset, ice-cream, sandcastle, sun-cream, wetsuit, lifeguard, bodyboard, lifeboat, lifejacket, sunshine, coastguard, surfboard.

 

logoHEROES AND HEROINES!

Hermione Grainger:
I’m a girl. I was born a Muggle. My parents are Mr and Mrs. Granger. They are both dentists in London. When I was eleven I learned that I was a witch.

Horrid Henry:
I’m a boy who plays naughty pranks on people. I love breaking rules and always attract trouble. I have a brother called Perfect Peter.

Matilda:
I’m a very intelligent girl who loves reading books. My father is a second-hand car dealer. I have special powers. My teacher’s name is Miss Honey.

Artemis Fowl II:
I am a child prodigy (really clever and talented). I have black hair, blue eyes and very pale skin. I have Irish ancestors. I have a servant and bodyguard called Butler. I am a millionaire!

 

logoLOCATE THE LANDMARK!

Find four famous landmarks around Ireland based on the clues on  the activity sheet. Below are four sets of clues which match with one landmark in each of the four provinces.

Try using these clues along with the short descriptions on the activity sheets, to identify which landmark matches the description on the activity sheet.

CHECK YOUR ANSWERS IN THE SECOND BOX BELOW!

Leinster Landmark:

A: Newgrange:

Newgrange is one of the most famous passage graves in Ireland. There are nearly 300 passage graves in Ireland. These are ancient tombs. There are two other examples of passage graves close by in the Boyne Valley, Dowth and Knowth. Passage graves were built on hills. They have a tunnel leading to the centre where there is a tomb like area. At certain times of the year on a clear day the sun will shine through the passage to light up the centre of the tomb.

B: St. Patrick’s Cathedral:

Up to the middle ages churches and cathedrals had rounded window, arches and doorways. This was called a Romanesque style. Under Norman rule churches and cathedrals were designed in a Gothic style. The windows, arches and doorways became pointed. A famous Gothic style cathedral in Dublin is St. Patrick’s Cathedral. Strongbow is buried here.

C: Kilkenny Castle:

Kilkenny is a 12th century Norman castle. Strongbow built a wooden castle where the stone castle is today. Originally the stone built castle had four towers. Only three survive today. An Anglo-Norman family called the Butlers owned the castle for hundreds of years. In 1650 it was badly damaged by Oliver Cromwell’s men. The Butlers sold the castle which needed a lot of repairs to the government in 1967 for £50.

 

Connacht Landmark:

 A: Dun Aengus

Dún Aengus is an ancient round stone fort on the Aran Island of Inis Mór in the West of Ireland. It is a type of stonewall in a half-circle on the edge of a 61m high sea cliff. It could be up to 4000 years old. No one is clear why it is there. It could a defensive building or for pagan rituals.

B: Ceide fields

The Céide Fields, are near Ballycastle in North Mayo. The fields are an important world famous archaeological site. Archaeological evidence shows that farming had beenpractised in the area more than five thousand years ago. These early Stone Age farmers divided land up with stone walls, ploughed their fields, kept animals and grew crops.

C: The Spanish Arch

The Spanish Arch is in Galway city, It was part of the city wall from Martin’s Tower to the bank of the Corrib. This was built in 1584 by the Mayor of Galway, Wylliam Martin to protect ships along the city’s quays from robberies. In 1755, the arch was partly destroyed by the tsunami wave which was caused by the Lisbon earthquake. The name “Spanish Arch” comes from the Spanish ships which docked along the quays.

 

Ulster Landmark:

A: The Giant’s causeway

The Giant’s Causeway is an area of about 40,000 hexagonal prisms. They are made of a rock called basalt. They were created by an ancient volcano. It is located in County Antrim on the northeast coast of Northern Ireland. The tallest prisms are about 12 m high. The Giant’s Causeway is so-called because of how a giant crossed over to Scotland in the famous legend called Fionn and the Giant.

B: Mourne Mountains

The Mourne Mountains are a granite mountain range in the southeast of Ulster. They are the highest mountains in the province of Ulster. The highest of the mountains is Slieve Donard at 850 m. The Mournes are known for their beauty. In 1896 Percy French wrote the famous song “The Mountains of Mourne”. The Mourne Mountains also inspired C.S. Lewis to write The Lion, The Witch and The Wardrobe.

C: Sliabh League Cliffs

From Sliabh League Cliffs in Donegal you can see across Donegal Bay to counties Leitrim, Sligo and Mayo, At 598 m high they are one of the highest sea cliffs in Europe. They are twice as high as the cliffs of Moher, At the bottom of the cliffs are the Giants Desk and Chair. At the top of Sliabh League is Ade Mc Bric’s chapel. This is the ruins of an early monastic site.

Munster Landmark:

A: King John’s Castle

King John’s Castle was built in Limerick in 1197. King John allowed the people of the city the same rights as the people of Dublin city. They were allowed to elect a mayor. The castle had high walls to stop enemy attacks. Round towers were built along the walls to help protect the castle and the people of the city.

B: Cliffs of Moher

The cliffs are on the coast of Co. Clare. They are 8km long and are 214m high. . At the highest point, they stand at 214m. Landmarks such as the Aran Islands, The Twelve Pins Mountains, Maum Turk Mountains and Loop Head, can be seen from the Cliffs of Moher. Birds such as puffins and hawks as well as other seabirds have nests there.

C: Skellig Islands

The Skellig Islands are12km southwest of Valentia. Skellig Michael, or Great Skellig, is larger than Small Skellig, Skellig Michael is a world famous island because of the birds which nest there. Monks lived there between the 6th and 12th centuries. The island is also famous because it appeared in the latest Star Wars film.

 

Correct Answers to four landmarks on activity sheet:

Leinster Landmark: A: Newgrange

Connacht Landmark: C: The Spanish Arch

Ulster Landmark: A: The Giant’s causeway

Munster Landmark: B: Cliffs of Moher

 

 

logoOLYMPIC FIVE RING CHAMPION

The true five facts are:

-Tug of war was Olympic sport until 1920.

-The gold medals are not made of gold.

-Katie Taylor has won one gold medal for boxing.

-The longest hammer throw is 84.8 metres.

-The Olympics began over 2,700 years ago in Olympia in Greece

logoEURO 2016 QUALIFYING COUNTRIES

The capital city for each one of the EURO 2016 Qualifying Countries is listed below.

Albania            Capital City: Tirana

Croatia            Capital City: Zagreb

France             Capital City: Paris

Poland             Capital City: Warsaw

Germany         Capital City: Berlin

Austria            Capital City: Vienna

Russia              Capital City: Moscow

Slovakia          Capital City: Bratislava

Czech Republic   Capital City: Prague

Romania          Capital City: Bucharest

Switzerland     Capital City: Bern

Iceland            Capital City: Reykjavik

Belgium           Capital City: Brussels

Turkey             Capital City: Ankara

Italy                 Capital City: Rome

Sweden           Capital City: Stockholm

Republic of Ireland     Capital City: Dublin

Spain               Capital City: Madrid